Founded in 1919, the Tzofim was the first Zionist youth movement in Israel. 

Today, the Tzofim is the largest in the county. Currently, there are over 90,000 members active in over 180 chapters/troops in almost 100 cities, towns, moshavim, and kibbutzim.

The Tzofim youth movement includes members from all sectors of society:

religious and secular teens, new immigrants, children of foreign labor workers, at-risk tends, etc., and a third of the members are active in geographically and socially disenfranchised communities.

The Tzofim’s aim is to educate its members to be positive, contributing citizens, to help them

develop self-confidence, leadership skills, the ability to work for a common goal and the desire to get involved in the community through educational programs and seminars, two weekly meetings, trips, camps, and other special activities. 

Shva –Israeli- Ethiopian Scouts

Paving the way for Ethiopian youth to further integrate into mainstream Israel society.

Today, over 1,600 Ethiopian scouts participate in the program, with active tribes from 28 communities around Israel. Shva scouts have an opportunity to bond with their Israeli peers and to form meaningful, long-lasting friendships with them.

Tzamid – Special Needs Scouts

The Tzofim actively includes physically and developmentally challenged youth.

Over the past years, the number of special needs youth in the Tzofim movement has grown to over 1,700 in over 35 tribes nationally. 

At-Risk Youth

Over 600 Tzofim youth volunteered to defer their military service by a year in order to volunteer in unique volunteering groups (garinim) throughout the country, most of which are located in developing towns, challenged neighborhoods, and locations with large numbers of new immigrants.

These garinim reach over 50,000 youth every year, providing special services above and beyond regular scouting activities. Thousands of new olim, children from single parent families, and youth with special needs receive educational and cultural assistance through free extracurricular activities run by the members of the garinim. 

Tzofim Salute

The salute is used for showing respect in cases such as:


  • Showing respect to the flag.

  • Saluting other scouts.

  • Showing respect at the entrance and exit of a meeting with a senior scout.

The salute is performed with the right hand, with the arm at shoulder height,

and the hand at 90 degrees to the arm, and the fingers at eye height.
The three middle fingers are erect, while the pinky is bent down, and the thumb rests on it. 

The salute is performed in scouts' attire only.

The symbolic meanings of the salute:


  • The erect fingers are in the shape of a mountain, both of which sides are made of steps leading up to its peak-symbolizing the scouts' way of always progressing.

  • The erect fingers symbolize equality without preference for a particular sex, religion, or race.

  • The three erect fingers remind the scout of the 3 parts of the scout's


  1. To fulfill his duty to his land and people.

  2. To always help others.

  3. To obey the scouts' law.

  • The thumb resting on the pinky symbolizes the strong protecting the weak.

Oath and Commandments

All Tzofim take the Oath, or promise, when they reach the end of 8th grade.


The Scouts Oath:


I promise to do my best to fulfill my duties to my people, my country and my land, to help others at all times, and to obey the scout's law.

The Scouts Commandments (Dibrot):


  • The scout is trustworthy

  • The scout is loyal to his people, his country and his language

  • The scout is a useful member of the society, loves work, and helps others.

  • The scout is friend to everyone, and brother to all scouts.

  • The scout is polite.

  • The scout loves nature and protects it.

  • The scout is obedient.

  • The scout never loses hope.

  • The scout is thrifty.

  • The scout is pure in his speech and deeds.

Tzofim Uniform (+ Neckerchiefs)

The basic uniform for all Tzofim is a khaki shirt and khaki pants.  There are several elements that can vary by age/position.


Each grade level has a different aniva (neckerchief) as does each official position in the shevet.

The anivot (neckerchiefs) are mainly distinguished by color and stripe.


The smalim (symbols/badges) refer to the patches and pins worn on the uniform.

All of the ranks and pins are given to the Tzofim after passing special scouting level tests that each grade needs to fulfill.


The aniva (neckerchief) and the ranks (patches) worn on the khaki shirt will indicate the age and level of the Tzofeh/Tzofah (male/female Scout).


Each Aniva (neckerchief or scarf) represents a different status.

Each grade for the younger Tzofim (Shachbatz) has it's own color/scheme for it's aniva. 

In Shachbag (the high school age Tzofim). Each job/responsibility has its own aniva.

The Merakzim (supervisors/coordinators) of the Shvatim (tribes), the merakzim (supervisors/coordinators) of the Hanhagot (regions), the adults and the teen leaders also have their own anivot.